Thursday, 26 November 2015

From our forth comimg book on GA

Extract from our forthcoming book on General Awareness:
·      The national flag is a horizontal tri-color of deep saffron at the top, white (peace and truth) in the middle and dark green (faith and chivalry) at the bottom in equal proportion.
·         The words “Satymeva Jayate” is from the Mundaka Upanishad meaning Truth alone triumphs, inscribed below the abacus of the emblem in Devanagari script is also referred to as the national motto.
·         The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 2:3.
·         In the centre of the white band is a wheel; in navy blue .Its design is that of the wheel (chakra) which appears on the abacus of the sarnath lion capital of Asoka.
·         Its diameter approximates the width of the white band; it has 24 spokes.
·         The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22nd July 1947.
·         The song “Vande Mataram” composed by Bankimchandra Chatterjee has an equal status with Jana-gana-mama. The first political occation when it was sung was the 1896 session of the INC (Indian National Congress).
·         The national Government adopted the recommendation of the calendar reform committee that the Saka Era be adopted as the basis of the National Calendar.  The days of the saka Calendar have a permanent correspondence with the days of the Gregorian Calender.
·         Chaitra 1 falling on March 22 in a normal year and on March 21 in a leap year.
·         The National Calendar commenced on chaitra 1 saka, 1879 corresponding to March22, 1957 A.D.
·         The Ganga or Ganges is the longest river of India flowing over 2,510 kms of mountains, valleys and plains. It originates in the snowfields of the Gangothri Glacier in the Himalayas as the Bhagirathi River. It is later joined by other rivers such as the Alakananda, Yamuna, ASon, Gumti, Koshi and Ghagra.
·         Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis, whose branches root themselves like new trees over a large tree .The roots when gives rise to more trunks and branches.
·         India has only one standard time .India is 5.5 hours ahead of GMT/UTC, 4.5 Hours behind Australian Eastern Standard Time and 10.5 hours adhered of Americal Eastern Standard Time.